Folding and Unfolding Space
Lecture by architect Bahram Shirdel
- 15 Jan 08 19:30
aaUAE hosts architect Bahram Shirdel as the first speaker for the 2008 Lecture Series at The Third Line.
He writes, "Architecture has been dealing with rationalization of space exclusively. Smooth space is qualitatively different from gridded space; "air against earth". Modern (rational) space is gridded: movement in it is confined by x, y, z axes forming the Cartesian grid. Smooth space is open ended; it enables us to move freely, it is architecture as space of inclusion." Mr Shirdel will present a body of work from 1986-2007 that illustrates the topic of his lecture. Bahram Shirdel is among the architect- theoreticians who accept topology as a cultural & scientific resource. Accordingly these new architectures are understood and practiced as being the result of processes of continuous nonlinear transformation. Thus Architecture becomes the capacity to give to an inter- connected series of factors (form, technology, program, cultural context, purchases, market and utilization) in the way of a global architectural practice resulting in a new practice of urbanism. This architecture with its strategies is capable of complex deformation and has the capacity for change in response to heterogeneous and differentiated context. In other words this practice is a search for an alternative way of responding to the complexity of a contemporaneous world. Shirdel & Partners architects established office in Tehran in 1997, after practicing in London as Shirdel & Kipnis Architects and practicing as Aks-Runo in Los Angeles. During these years this practice designed projects in the U.S., Canada, Japan, China, and Brazil and worldwide; where the firm applied its research and theory to the spatial organization of large scale and complex projects.
Professor Bahram Shirdel has been the director of Graduate Design program at the Architectural Association School of architecture, London, and has taught design and theory at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard university, university of Houston, Texas, Georgia Institute of Technology, university Chicago, university of Miami, Ohio state university and Southern California Institute of Architecture. Bahram Shirdel was a recipient of Christopher Wren Medal from Canada and CGA Gold Medal city planning from China. His work has been widely exhibited worldwide; Venice Biennale for architecture 1984 and the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1992.
Maggie’s Fife, Kirkcaldy : Scottish Design Awards 2007 - Public Building Shortlist
Zaha Hadid Architects
Zaha Hadid Architect: Maggies Centre, Scotland
Maggies Centre: image supplied by Zaha Hadid Architects 14.01.04
Zaha Hadid Maggies Centre - photos + article 291006
A review of this building will be online soon: much of the structure is now complete, due for opening first week of November
Zaha Hadid Maggies Centre - photos 260706
Zaha Hadid Architects, London +44 (0)20 7253 5147
Maggies Centre Kirkcaldy: images © adrian welch
Images of this Zaha Hadid building on site, taken 29.01.06
Further photos will be taken as the project nears completion.
Background to Zaha Hadid:
Zaha was born in Baghdad, Iraq, 1950.
Mathematics degree at the American University, Beirut, 1971.
Architecture degree at Architectural Association in London, 1972.
Partner at OMA - the Office of Metropolitan Architecture - with founders Rem Koolhaas and Elia Zenghelis.
Architecture tutor at Architectural Association in London.
Zaha Hadid Architects established in London, 1979.
Zaha Hadid Architects - Key Projects:
Vitra Fire Station, Weil am Rhein, Germany
Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art, Cincinnati, USA
Maggies Centre: image supplied by Zaha Hadid Architects 14.01.04
Zaha Hadid Scotland: Maggie's Fife
First permanent building by Zaha Hadid in the UK with landscape by Gross.Max.
Zaha Hadid Architects
Maggie's Centre, Victoria Hospital, Kirkcaldy
Schematic Design Stage:
The Maggie's Centre is to be situated in the grounds of Victoria Hospital in Kirkcaldy. The architectural brief is to provide a centre for people with cancer, which is at once domestic in scale but unique in execution. This document outlines the project description for this project as part of the planning permission submission.
Zaha Hadid: Maggie Centre, Scotland image 15.08.02
The proposed site is a unique situation within the hospital grounds. The specific site of the Maggie's centre is in the northeastern section of a hollow to the southeast of the main entrance.
The hollow has a dramatic topography, which in combination with the overgrown foliage and trees creates a very natural environment in contrast to the rest of the hospital. The border of this area is naturally protected and enhanced by the trees along its edge. The positioning of the centre in the NE corner makes it clearly visible from the hospital and the car park the centre. As a single storey construction, it is at eye level a continuation of the border that the trees already provide.
An overall objective for the design of the centre was that it is a transition between the two different types of spaces, the natural landscape and the car park / hospital. The intervention of building has been to exploit this location. As it exists now, there is no formal edge to this part of the hollow so various study models were used to explored how an edge could be developed which could transform itself into a building envelope and thus become a gateway to the landscape.
Maggie Centre: image supplied by Zaha Hadid Architects 15.08.02
Volume & Landscape
Externally the submitted design is a play between the form a folding surface and a connecting ground slab. The folding surface articulates a directional emphasis of moving the visitor into a different space from the rest of the hospital grounds. This folded surface is articulated by cladding the visible roof and two opposing walls with the same material, a sheet cladding of corten steel. Making the remaining elevations a mix of translucent and clear glass reinforces the directional nature of this form.
The metal cladding is expressed clearly at the eaves to accentuate the continuity of the cladding from wall to roof. The large overhangs of the roof are used to extend the building into the landscape on both sides. So on the north side its extends to illustrate the entrance doors. On the south side it provides solar shading to the glass elevation and partially cover the terrace.
Maggie Centre image supplied by Zaha Hadid Architects 14.01.04
The centre sits on a concrete plinth slab, which connects it to the surrounding areas and landscaped areas. On the north side, the slab outlines the car parking before rising to the same level as the public entrance to the centre. The strong directional language and material contrasts of the slab to the tarmac should mark out clearly the entrance for the new visitor. Lighting will be incorporated to illustrate this at night. The area between the parking and existing trees will be landscaped with new trees planted to extend the area to the parking.
The slab continues along the eastern side separating the centre from the car park with a wall. The rising of the wall on this edge indicates the gradual separation of public space of the entrance to the private spaces of the terrace. It terminates by wrapping around the southern tip of the centre as a south-facing terrace. A concrete wall acts as a balustrade in this area. Where the terrace is in front of the centre a glass balustrade is used. The northern section of the terrace cantilevers off the sloping ground.
Maggie Centre image supplied by Zaha Hadid Architects 15.08.02
Internally the arrangement of rooms is centered on an open plan kitchen. The cellular spaces are located to the north and east elevations. The offices are located on the north elevation with a direct view to the car park and the entrance. The rooms to the east need a more private nature and are as such seen externally as a semi opaque façade.
The entrance is located at the corner underneath a roof overhang. A direct view exists from the entrance at the northeast through the central space of the kitchen to the south facing glass elevation. The view of a hidden landscape through this space is the intended first impression for the visitor upon entering the centre.
The internal central space is kept as open and column free as possible. A ramp connects the main space to a lower platform, which a flexi-hall is situated. A system of shutters and sliding doors can seal this space off from the main space.
The southern facing façade is floor to ceiling glazing. There are windows and doors allowing direct access to the outside terrace. The extension of the roof beyond the glazing and terrace give a continuity between the inside / outside spaces. Throughout the spaces are scattered roof and wall triangular skylights similar to views, light and continuity of form into the space. The interior is intended to look like another fold inside the external fold. To contrast the exterior it will be primarily coloured linoleum. The linoleum will be used on all surfaces such as floor, wall and ceiling.
Maggie Centre image by Zaha Hadid 15.08.02
It is hoped that the centre is a catalyst for the future development of the hollow as a potential leisure area such as a sculptural park. As such its connection to the lowest level of the hollow may be the added at a later stage from the terrace area.
JH / Zaha Hadid Architects 15.08.02
Zaha Hadid Architects Studio 9, 10 Bowling Green Lane London